“A child is not a small adult”. The brain is the only organ which grows and matures over the period of growth so that a child is metamorphosing into an adult. The children are prone for various neurological problems as mentioned below.
During birth, decreased blood supply to the brain will cause hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and which presents as cerebral palsy, epilepsy or mental retardation.
During infancy, they can have delayed development of motor skills with or without speech disturbances. Febrile fits are very common between 6 months to 6 years of age.
During childhood, they may have stammering, learning disability, autism, attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder (ADHD), dyslexia, temper tantrums, bed wetting, behavioral problems and myopathy.